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Richard wrote: > >At 09:09 AM 11/12/96 -1000, you wrote: >>Hi All, >> >>Regarding shipping of dwarf cichlids, has anyone ever shipped cichlids >>using the same method as for killifish. I have received killis from the >>East Caost all the way to Hawaii on a couple of occassions with no >>casualties. The fish were shipped priotiry mail at a cost of less than >>$5. >> >>I will be looking to purchase some dwarfs early next year but I am a >>little put off with shipping costs of $40. > >Cichlids aint killies. Their oxygen requirements are greater >which requires larger bags and faster shipping. This >costs more. > Most dwarf cichlids are no heavier breathers than equivalent-size killifish, and the normal diffusion rate of oxygen through a proper bag (1.5 mil) is quite enough to keep any of them alive, indefinitely, AFAIK. Thicker bags will suffocate killies or any other kind of fish, just as quickly as Apistos. The new Kordon breathables let you fill the bag with water completely, and *still* they have no problem breathing. The trick is to get enough surface area to assure enough diffused oxygen. If diffusion rate is high, you need little surface area. I use about 1/3 water to 2/3 air, and fairly small bags (4X18 and 6X18). One fish per bag, unless they are really small fry.[That's killy style, basically.] As soft-water fish, Apistos are often far fussier about water conditions, than many killies (e.g., almost no buffering). That means that a strict starvation period before shipping must be practiced, so they don't die of their own ammonia. Use a double dose of Amquel, or equivalent, too, to trap any residual ammonia. A larger water volume is of secondary importance, if this is done carefully. You can double-bag in 1.5 mil bags, but never, ever use thick (freezer?) bags or you *do* risk suffocating them. Large bags are hard to find in 1.5mil, but tend to defeat the whole purpose of having larger bags if they are 2.5 mil or more thick. Breakage also becomes a problem with larger thin bags. Ship young fish. They are almost always more resilient and shock-resistant. Mature fish rarely ship well, in any class or species. That's *my* take on it, but I have done only a little shipping (mostly local transfers) of Apistos and would like to get more information from those more experienced than I. What say you? I may need to ship some young agassizii, soon, so please head me off if I'm really way off base. Wright -- Wright Huntley (408) 248-5905 Santa Clara, CA USA huntley-at-ix.netcom.com
At 07:16 PM 10/22/98 -0400, you wrote: >Alysoun McLaughlin wrote: >> A few months ago, we tried to ship fish via Fed Ex, and the package was >> refused. >> This thread confused me, so I called Fed Ex. I was told that because the >> cargo areas of their airplanes are not pressurized, company policy expressly >> forbids the shipping of live animals, with the exception of lobsters. >Fed Ex in Canada, and UPS, refused the accept fish. Well, I spent a ton of time on the phone with FedEx, talking finally to the Live Animals Desk and the Packaging Lab (which certifies that packaging is adequate). Here is what I found out: You cannot send pets. You can send LIVE FISH FOR HUMAN COMSUMPTION. Page 77 of the service guide says so. They told me the FedEx police will not actually come around to make sure you really ate the fish. I am pretty sure one problem is they don't want to deal with the loss of someone's darling pet poochie. The packaging lab said mark the package LIVE FISH PERISHABLE (I would recommend LIVE PLANTS PERISHABLE KEEP AT ROOM TEMPERATURE instead so you don't get into the fish brouhaha). They want a minimum of 1.5" foam insulation (inside a cardboard box), double bagging (preferably 4 mil), and enough absorptive material that if the bag breaks it will catch the water so other packages are not harmed. Seems reasonable enough to me. If you ship fish a LOT, like David Soares does, you can actually get permission to ship tropical fish, but you need to work with your FedEx salesman. -- Dave Gomberg, San Francisco mailto:email@example.com http://www.wcf.com/wcf ----------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------- This is the apistogramma mailing list, firstname.lastname@example.org. For instructions on how to subscribe or unsubscribe or get help, email email@example.com. Search http://altavista.digital.com for "Apistogramma Mailing List Archives"!
David Robinson writes: > While breathable bags are certainly available now, many fish stores do not > go through the added expense of using the bags that are sufficiently > permeable > to support fish life for extended periods of time. I submit this response > not > to be argumentative, but to prevent an unknowing user from taking this > advice > and believing fish can be easily maintained for long durations without > either > using high oxygen content in the bag or changing the air every twentyfour > hours. > If you know that your store truely uses breathable bags, then the fish can > safely > be kept for extended periods without the use of supplemental O2. > The "non-breatheable" bags which have been in the trade for decades also breathe. The difference between the two is that the new breatheable bags breathe where they are wet on the inside, and the older standard bags are breatheable where they are dry. That is why the standard bags are usually only filled about a third of the way but bretheable bags are filled completely. The breatheable bags allow one to get more bags of fish in the same size container, or to use smaller shipping containers. As I see it, this only means less available O2 in the container for the fish. I continue to use the older bags and larger containers, so my fish have more air available. To demonstrate this concept, pick a couple of fish you don't particularly value, of the same species. Put the smaller one in a jelly jar with one third water, and seal the lid. Put the larger one in a bag about the wame size as the jar with about the same amounts of air and water. The large one will use more air, but still survive the smaller one, which will be dead within 12-18 hours, depending on the size of the fish and the size of the jar. The bag is selectively permeable to O2 and CO2, and the larger fish will be just fine, assuming the bag and jelly jar are of appropriate size, proportionate to the fish. Bob Dixon
I've had three different people send me fish via USPS. I have never received a dead fish this way. Granted the shippers new what they were doing. My latest shipment was a standard fish box of angels from Angel's Plus. It said live fish all over it. The folks at the Post Office were very curious about getting fish through the mail. I wanted to make sure they were alive, so I opened the box right there. They just oohhed and aahhed over these tiny angels. Anyway, they said that people ship all kinds of live critters. They have people sending bugs and bees through the mail. I asked "What happens if the box gets damaged?" The clerk said "Bees stay with their hive and don't try to leave it." Guess they will take anything as long as it's not dangerous or illegal. Mike -----Original Message----- From: David Shim [SMTP:David_Shim@MCKINSEY.COM] Sent: Wednesday, April 07, 1999 8:00 PM To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Re: Shipping fish Delta Dash (and other airport to airport services) will take fish. They cost more, and aren't as convenient since you have to go to the airport to pickup the fish. FedEx, UPS won't ship live fish. USPS sometimes will. I have received fish this way, but others have had problems. One fish seller explained that it was against official policy, but the post office in practice operates on a don't ask don't tell basis. I haven't verified what the official policy is. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- This is the apistogramma mailing list, email@example.com. For instructions on how to subscribe or unsubscribe or get help, email firstname.lastname@example.org. Search http://altavista.digital.com for "Apistogramma Mailing List Archives"! ------------------------------------------------------------------------- This is the apistogramma mailing list, email@example.com. For instructions on how to subscribe or unsubscribe or get help, email firstname.lastname@example.org. Search http://altavista.digital.com for "Apistogramma Mailing List Archives"!
G. kadar wrote: > So how does Julio send his >fish around? Both, airfreight and Express Mail year round. During the warmer months we have used Priority Mail without problems. Mis dos centavos, Julio ------------------------------------------------------------------------- This is the apistogramma mailing list, email@example.com. For instructions on how to subscribe or unsubscribe or get help, email firstname.lastname@example.org. Search http://altavista.digital.com for "Apistogramma Mailing List Archives"!
> > Date: Thu, 29 Apr 1999 16:20:21 -0700 > From: "David Robinson" <email@example.com> > Subject: "breathable" bags > > Bob Dixon wrote: > > If you pump pure O2 into a bag before shipping, the O2 will escape the bag > > anyway, because the bags we use for fish are selectively permeable to O2 > and > > CO2. This shopkeeper, while sincere and concerned enough to pass up a > sale, > > is not properly informed. I have kept fish for up to a week in bags > without > > a problem at this time of year. It only becomes a concern when > temperatures > > rise up past about 85F, as the O2 levels then begin to drop due to lower > > solubility. > > While breathable bags are certainly available now, many fish stores do not > go through the added expense of using the bags that are sufficiently > permeable > to support fish life for extended periods of time. I submit this response > not > to be argumentative, snip.. And I, too, wish to point out, non-argumentatively, that fish *can* live indefinitely in the standard 1.5 mil poly bags we all use to ship fish. They are already oxygen permeable enough that I know of a killy that lived for over a month in a forgotten bag. There are commercially available bags with *enhanced* permeability, but I find them useless, for they need to be filled all the way, kept out of spillage, etc., and generally make shipping too expensive or hazardous. They are way too fragile for fish with spines, BTW. The rules for regular poly bags and enhanced-permeability bags are quite different. I have lost more fish from getting them in the enhanced bags than I have for any arriving in regular thickness bags. Only thicker bags, like freezer bags have killed as many fish for me. The reason freezer bags are 4-7 mils thick is because thinner bags leak oxygen and permit freezer burn! Thick bags don't "breathe." Bob Dixon was right on. I have written articles on how to ship fish safely. E-mail me privately for a copy of one. I have experience shipping fish or eggs to Japan, NZ, Argentina, Africa, and Europe. I expect live arrival if I follow *all* the rules. Wright - -- Wright Huntley, Fremont CA, USA, 510 494-8679 huntleyone at home dot com Stop passing new laws! Repeal some dysfunctional ones. It will do far more good.* http://www.self-gov.org/libertarianism.html ________________________________________________ *Substance-abuse laws and other victimless-crime laws for example.
John writes: > The ones I use are a 1.5 mil sometimes 2.0 mil bag. Depends on size. > My 4x14, 6x16 are 1.5 mil, my 8x20 or 10x20 bags are 2.0mil. My really > large bags 16x36 are a 2.5 mil. I also use a really nice size bag to > ship my apistos in. I get the 5x20 bags through the NAFBG. These are a > 2.0 mil bag and 2 bags fit nicely into a 8x20. Enough water and lots > of air for shipping or going to auctions with. I really like these > bags. Cost me $5 per 100. At http://www.bagsonthenet.com you can get 5x20x2.0 mil for $26.90 per thousand. Thats a little better than a 40% savings before shipping costs. I suspect that 2.0 mil bags don't breath as well as 1.5 mil. Is there a reason for going all the way to 2.5 mils? Do the fish survive as long in these heavier bags? Doesn't it increase shipping costs? Has anyone tried 1.0 mil? Bob ------------------------------------------------------------------------- This is the apistogramma mailing list, firstname.lastname@example.org. For instructions on how to subscribe or unsubscribe or get help, email email@example.com. Search http://altavista.digital.com for "Apistogramma Mailing List Archives"!
The bottles I use right now are some that I've recycled from other shippers like Trop Rio/Apisto Heaven and what suitable bottles that I scrounged from water sampling projects at Superfund sites that I've worked at in the past. For those who have received fish from me in these bottles, don't worry I never took used bottles only unused, unopened, ones left over after a project was finished (I imagine Plutonium is a very toxic metal to fish, too! :-) ). Since most projects use glass, I have a limited supply of plastic bottles. Therefore I ask for them back along with my small styro containers. For those who do a lot of shipping you might want to check my old standby, Cole-Parmer (www.coleparmer.com). This scientific supply house is a good place to look. They have all kinds of bottles. They also have affiliates in Canada and the UK that can get these to you if you don't live in the US. For me, I'm considering a polypropylene (PP) sample jar that not only is wide mouthed & water tight, but clear and unbreakable, too. They hold 4 oz (118 ml) or ¼ pint of water. This is sufficient for most apistos around 2" or less. The nice thing is the cost. You can buy 100 sterilized jars with high density Polyethylene (HDPE) lids for only $20, or 20¢ each (Catalog # U-06049-40). If you can handle more jars, they sell 500 nonsterilized jars for $70 or 14¢ each (# U-06049-50). Mike Wise "John N. Alegre" wrote: > And where do you get them. A hard plastic bottle does sound a lot more > attractive then a plastic bag. > > On 08-Feb-01 Piabinha@aol.com wrote: > > In a message dated 2/7/2001 9:57:27 AM Eastern Standard Time, > > firstname.lastname@example.org writes: > > > >> When I ship > >> only a few fish I usually ship them in plastic water sample bottles. There > >> are no > >> deflated bags or squashed fish. > > > > mike, what's the capacity of these bottles? > > > > tsuh yang chen, nyc, USA > > http://groups.yahoo.com/group/orchidspecies > > > > > > ---------------------------------- > E-Mail: John N. Alegre <email@example.com> > Date: 07-Feb-01 > Time: 19:19:21 > > This message was sent by XFMail > ---------------------------------- >
The Polyfilter cubes I used were small enough to go through the neck of the plastic Pepsi bottles and for taking the used cubes out, that depended on where I was. If I had an apisto from a whitewater locality and I was in a blackwater habitat, I'd just use tweezers to get the Polyfilter out and put a fresh one in. If I were in the same area as the water in the bottle, I did a complete water change. I mail ordered my Polyfilter from That Fish Place in Pennsylvania. After getting it cut up into neat little cubes, I put it in an air tight zip-lock type bag to keep it from absorbing household chemicals. This technique worked really well in Brazil. Breathable bags were all the rage in 1998 when Lee Newman and I went to Peru, so I didn't take any of the Pepsi bottles down. The breathable bags were even better at holding Apistos until it was time to ship. Unfortunately, fish can get caught in the corners of these bags and get crushed. Ideally, I'd like to use the Pepsi bottle plus Polyfilter and flush the headspace of the bottle with oxygen - I wonder if I can buy a can of oxygen anywhere - in a spray paint/household cleaner/WD-40 size can. =20
How do you get the cubes of Polyfilter in and out when they need
replacement without tipping all the water out?
Or do you transfer the water and fish to a fresh bottle with a new cube of
You can generally get these bottles at supply places for medical equipement. Those nice bottles that saline solution comes in are perfect for shipping apistos if they arent too large. When i travel to shows or conventions and need to transport show fish, i use large peanut butter jars. They are perfect travel containers, dont leak and hold quite a bit of water, would also make great shipping containers too i guess. I eat alot of pb & j sandwiches so i have these jars around! lol Anyone ever think of 1 liter pepsi slam bottles for this purpose?? They dont leak! Just ideas im throwing out here. John
The Post Office is the best way to go. There are 2 options: Priority Mail and Express Mail. The differences are: Priority Mail: Normally takes 2-3 days at most and is cheapest. Up to 2 pounds is $3.20. Estimate slightly over $1 for each additional pound. Express Mail: Guaranteed to be there the next day by a a specified time (the PO sets the time). If the box arrives late,you get your money back. It costs more,but is often worth it for larger shipments or valuable fish. When I send fish during the good weather,The fish are packed in bags as small as possible with as little water as possible. This minimizes the weight. The bags are packed on their sides in either a styro box or a sturdy cardboard one. Empty space is filled with styro peanuts. Packed this way,I can send up to 8-10 bags (1 fish per bag) for $5-$6 tops by Priority Mail. No heat pack is needed in good weather. When I send fish in cooler weather (below 55 or so),I leave it up to the recipient whether they want to pay the extra for Express Mail,but I cannot guarantee live delivery without using that method. The fish are packed the same way,but this time I would use a heat 20 hour heat pack (either shipping method). The heatpack is activated and duct taped to the inside of the cover. The bags are covered by a few layers of newspaper to protect them from direct contact. The box is then sealed and taken directly to the PO (expensive or larger shipments go direct to the Main PO for the area,others to the local one). If sent by Express,the fish arrived in perfect shape. If your shipment is within 400 miles,it generally goes by truck (Priority Mail). If the weather is warm,as it is in Texas,no heat pack is required. The package,if mailed in the morning may even arrive at the destination the next day. Jeff McKee
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