- conductivity meeters
by wedman/ucsu.Colorado.EDU (WEDMAN DOUGLAS EDWARD) (11 May 92)
by wedman/ucsu.Colorado.EDU (WEDMAN DOUGLAS EDWARD)
Date: 11 May 92
In article <1992May8.191659.25608-at-kong.gsfc.nasa.gov> mstephens.520-at-postman.gsfc.nasa.gov (mark stephens) writes:
>I've been hearing (or reading) a bit about conductivity meeters. Would
>any body that has one relat what they have, when they use it and any
>thing else relevent...
>I take it these devices replace, in some fashion, the test for hardness.
>"Hardness" is usually the amount of Ca, but it can vary. Alkalinity is
>another confusing term, at least to the chemically challanged. I would
>hazard a guess that the conductivity meeters measure total dissolved
>solids. Does this include KH?
A conductivity meter measures the ionic conductivity (or conversly, the
resistance) of a liquid. The number it gives can not directly be related to
hardness, but rather, the total ion content of the liquid. What the device
usually consists of is an probe which usually has two platinum electrode plates
parallel to each other and separated by some small distance. The meter is
in its simplest form, a Wheatstone Bridge aparatus with a small oscillator and
a readout. The oscillator generates a small amplitude (about 5 to 10 mV peak-
to-peak) sin wave. The meter is zeroed by dialing in a resistance on one side
of the Wheatstone bridge. The resistance dialed in is then the resistance
between the two plates in the probe. Relating this value to a calibration
curve for the probe will give you the concentration of ionic species in
I'm sorry that this is so technical, but it is neccessary that you know what
you are getting into. These devices are not cheap and do not give you the
kind of information that you are looking for directly. You would need to do
other tests to be able to extrapolate out the information that you want. The
commont test kits for water hardness and densiometers are much more adapted to
common aquarium type purposes.
I hope that this helps! Let me know by E-Mail if there is more info that you
University of Colorado, Boulder
Boulder, CO 80309-0215